Cerebral palsy is a condition that affects a person’s motor skills. And there are different types of cerebral palsy that are broken down into four main types. There are two ways that the various types are categorized and through movement problems and the various parts of the body that are being affected.
If you are seeking information about cerebral palsy types, then here is some information that should help you learn more.
The Various Types of Cerebral Palsy
The common terminology that is used to describe the condition is hypotonia and hypertonia. Hypotonia is a low muscle tone that affects strength and also causes spasmodic movement. Here are the various types of cerebral palsy.
Spastic cerebral palsy
- Spastic cerebral palsy is the most common type that affects 70 to 80 percent of all cases. It causes spastic and jerky movements of the person affected. The cause is linked to the part of the brain that controls movement which is the motor cortex. The cortex is what controls muscle movement.
ALSO READ: 5 Symptoms of Perimenopause
Athetoid cerebral palsy
- Athetoid cerebral palsy is a non-spastic form. It is also known by the name dyskinetic cerebral palsy. People with this type of palsy will experience involuntary muscle movement in the face, limbs, and torso. It can also affect the way one eats and can cause stiffness within the body.
Ataxic cerebral palsy
- Ataxic cerebral palsy is a condition that affects balance and coordination. It only accounts for a small percentage of all the cases. It is caused by damage to the cerebellum part of the brain. Patients will often have tremors and muscle tone reduction issues. Some people will have issues of depth perception and other challenges from this type of palsy.
Mixed cerebral palsy
- Mixed cerebral palsy is a mix of all the other conditions listed above. Less than 10 percent of patients will have this type of condition. The damage to the brain that causes this kind of palsy is found in multiple locations. Also, the patient can exhibit varying degrees of issues.
Cerebral palsy affects a lot of people in different ways. Kids that are uneducated on the conditions of each palsy have a hard time understanding why the person moves the way they do. Sometimes those misunderstandings can turn into problems at school as kids pick on the other child.
Knowledge of each kind of cerebral palsy and information on how others can help them the person is key to limiting life issues and also creating more hardships for the person’s family.