Pneumonia: Facts, Causes, Symptoms and Preventions


    Pneumonia can be said to be “inflammation of the lung caused by bacteria. Where the airbags (alveoli) are filled with inflammatory cells, and the lungs become stuck”

    Pneumonia is “a serious form of acute respiratory infection that originally affects the lungs.” The lungs also consist of bronchi, which divide into bronchioles ending in alveoli. Moreover, the small blood vessels in the lungs are responsible for gas exchange (oxygen that moves in the lungs and moves carbon dioxide from the lungs). However, during pneumonia, the alveoli infect one or both lungs with pus or fluid. It also increases the respiratory pressure. Also, the gas exchange cannot occur as it would also be normal.



    Aspiration Pneumonia results in inhalation of food, drink, vomiting, secretion or other foreign matter. It also causes an inflammatory reaction in the lungs and bronchial tubes.

    It also occurs predominantly because the total capacity is higher than that of the left lung.


    Bacterial Pneumonia occurs when bacteria in the pneumonia massage and multiply in the lungs. However, the alveoli are inflamed, and pus is produced which spreads to the lungs. How bacteria that cause bacterial pneumonia are streptococcus pneumonia, Hemophilus influenza, Legionella pneumophilia, and Staphylococcus aureus.


    Bronchopneumonia is “a declining infection that starts around the bronchi and bronchioles” (Nurse’s Dictionary, Twentieth Third Edition, 2000). Also, the terminal bronchioles are blocked with exudates and form consolidated patches. It also results in atelectasis as well.


    It means that the infection was acquired at home.

    This type of pneumonia is the most common cause of ‘Streptococcus Pneumonia’ (Smith & Ball, 1998)


    Patients develop functions after 24 hours or more in the hospital.

    Infection agent is often Gram-negative bacteria such as ‘Escherichia coli or Klebsiella’ (Smith & Ball, 1998)


    There are many different causes of pneumonia. They can also be classified as infectious or aspiration pneumonia.

    Infective pneumonia:

    The infection and inflammatory response of the lungs and bronchial tubes. However, when bacteria or a virus enter and proliferate can be prevented by catching small droplets containing pneumonia. An example such as Streptococcus pneumoniae.

    Aspiration Pneumonia:

    It is caused by inhalation of vomiting, mucous membranes, body fluids or certain chemicals

    It also causes the lungs and bronchial tubes to be inflamed.



    Initially, symptoms are similar to those of a cold followed by:

    A high fever (pyrexia)

    Cold chills

    A productive cough.

    Sputum may be discolored and may become bleeding when pneumonia progresses.

    The following can also occur:


    Severe chest pain

    Exacerbating cough



    Muscle ache

    Poor oxygen content

    Loss of appetite

    Rapid breathing

    Respiratory distress or respiratory tract irritation

    Respiratory tract respiratory tract respiration




    Changed postural drainage – this causes gravity to discharge secretions from specific segments of the lungs.

    Shake and vibration – to mobilize secrets.

    Coughing and huffing exercises – until sperm secretions.

    Manage wetting – to mobilize secrets.

    Respiratory exercises – Local and diaphragmatic application – to increase lung volume.

    Mobilization of the patient – done to increase air intake, increase breast enlargement and lose secretion.

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    Saminu Abass Ola who is popularly called ‘Mr. Possible‘ is a young motivational and inspirational speaker and writer, who is also the brain behind this wonderful blog. He is also passionate about Social Marketing. He believes in the abilities of others and tends to bring out the hidden potentials in people’s lives through his motivational articles and words of inspiration.