With 26 bones, 33 joints, 19 muscles and more than 100 tendons and ligaments, the feet are one of the most delicate parts of the body. Therefore, we should not forget it in our daily foot hygiene and care. However, there are many problems related to them that can deteriorate the quality of life of the people who suffer them. In addition, at present, they have become a very common evil. 70% of the Spanish population suffers from some foot disease, according to the Spanish Association of Foot Medicine and Surgery.
Eduardo Zorzano, a medical adviser, points out that these ailments have their main cause in age, which weakens the joints and the natural protections of our body. Also, more specifically those of the foot. This adds factors such as genetic inheritance, long standing or continued use of inappropriate footwear that also influence, and much, the appearance of these pathologies.
Among them, the bunion or hallux valgus is presented as the most common, especially among elderly women, and consists of “a deformation of the big toe, which deviates and can be placed under or above the second finger, Causing a protuberance on the side, which when pressed by the footwear, is very painful, “says the expert.
Also common are the problems caused by foot pad wear, which can manifest as generalized pain in the forefoot, known as metatarsalgia.
Another cause of pain is hardness, which is a layer of hardened and thickened skin that is formed by excessive pressure or friction. He also recalls that “the use of inappropriate shoes with very high heels, narrow or that prevent perspiration. This also causes important ailments, such as callus or hyperkeratosis, a process generated by increasing pressure on specific areas of the fingers.
Although they are not serious pathologies, they can become very painful when walking. Therefore, from Cinfa offer a series of tips for the care of our feet:
– Bear your feet daily.
Be sure to thoroughly wash your ankles, plants, nails and spaces between your toes.
– Dry thoroughly.
Excess moisture and heat, as well as the soap scum, favor the proliferation of fungi and bacteria. So, it is important to pay special attention to the space between the fingers. This will help spend some time to leave the feet dry before putting any footwear.
“Hydrate as much as you can.” Apply a good moisturizer after washing, especially on the heels, the area of the foot that is mostly dry and where cracks may appear. Use a suitable product according to the state of your skin.
-Make a massage when you apply the cream.
Take the time to apply the moisturizer to perform a small massage throughout the foot. It is good to apply from the heel to the ankle and with a dedication to the plant and the instep.
“Pay attention to the pedicure”. Do not let the nails grow in excess and always cut them in a straight/square shape. This is good to prevent them from producing problems when growing.
– Wear socks of natural materials.
Bet on garments made from materials such as cotton, instead of those containing synthetic fibers, which prevent proper transpiration. Also, do your best to avoid the very marked seams that put pressure or friction on the skin.
– The footwear, comfortable and suitable for you.
Wear flexible, breathable footwear of adequate width at your feet. And make it comfortable for you. Look for those shoes that have a quilted plant or, if not, use a synthetic plantar pad to avoid overloading your feet. High and narrow heels should be avoided as much as possible.
– Perform Regular Exercises.
It is important to keep the muscles, joints and tendons of the feet active. To work them, he often stretches and picks his feet, moves his fingers and turns his ankles.
– Protect your feet in public spaces.
To prevent fungal or warts infections, protect your feet by wearing flip flops or rubber sneakers in wet areas of public use such as swimming pools. It is also not advisable to share the tools to cut the nails. No matter the relationship, not even with other members of the family.
– Consult your pharmacist about Pediatric solutions.
There are products designed to relieve the pain caused by the different pathologies. Products like plantar pads, anti-friction protectors, fingers and separators for calluses, heels. The pharmacist can advise you on the most suitable to your needs.