Roles of Clinical Psychologists Within The Mental Health Care System

Clinical Psychologists
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Psychology is defined as the study of how people think and behave – a combination of science and practice. Using a direct observation, interviews and techniques such as psychometric testing raise a patient’s problem. However, treatment requires the cooperation of patients, and you work with them to treat and manage their state.

Clinical psychologists have been trained to work with individuals of different ages with behavioral, emotional and psychological disorders that disrupt their daily functioning and well-being. The aim is to reduce, improve and promote psychological well-being, minimize exclusion and inequality. However, it enabled service users to engage in meaningful relationships and valued work and leisure activities.

As a clinical psychologist, you draw your scientific knowledge to bring about positive change. Treatments like cognitive behavioral therapy are now offered to people with a range of psychological problems, including depression and anxiety, as well as severe problems such as personality disorders.

Clinical psychologists aim to reduce the need and improve the psychological well-being of their clients. They use psychological methods and research to make positive changes in their clients and offer different forms of treatment.

They work with patients of all ages who have different mental or physical health issues, such as:

Depression and anxiety;

  • Mental disorders;
  • adaptation to physical illness;

Neurological disorders;

  • Addictive behavior;
  • Challenging behavior;
  • eating disorders;
  • personal and family relationship issues;
  • learning problems

Clinical psychologists work with their clients on a series of sessions to diagnose, assess and manage their condition. They often work with other professionals in multidisciplinary teams to address the complex problems of their clients.

Responsibilities of Clinical Psychologists

Clinical psychologists tend to work with a particular customer group, such as children or people with learning disabilities. They often work in a specific environment, for example, a hospital or through social services.

Tasks may include:

  • Assessing customer needs, skills or behavior through different methods, including psychometric tests, interviews and direct perception of behavior;
  • Work also as part of a multidisciplinary team besides doctors, nurses, social workers, education staff, health visitors, psychiatrists and occupational therapists;
  • develop, in collaboration with colleagues, appropriate treatment programs, including therapy, counseling or counseling;
  • Provide therapy and treatments for mental health problems such as anxiety, depression, addiction, social and interpersonal problems and challenging behavior;
  • develop and assess customer service;
  • Consult other professions, stimulating a psychological approach in their work;
  • Counseling and support staff;
  • To implement applied research, add to the evidence of practice in a variety of healthcare institutions.

Also, experienced clinical psychologists are allowed to write legal reports and act as expert witnesses. They keep detailed paperwork about customers to track the progress of customer treatments.

Progress in psychological, medical and physiological research has led to a new way of thinking about health and illness. This is reflected in the biopsychosocial model indicating health and disease as the product of a combination of factors, including biological properties (e.g., genetic predisposition), behavioral elements (e.g., lifestyle, stress, health) and social conditions (e.g., cultural influences, family relationships, and social support).

It is worth pointing out that in recent times dealing with health and disease was based on the biomedical paradigm. This is the biological aspects were the main subject of the scientist and practitioner. Good health was seen merely as the absence of diseases and injuries, and their presence meant ill health.

The correct treatment for that model indicated that there were biological interventions to improve the cellular damage. As a result, the healthcare providers were divided into two groups, the doctors who followed biomedical thinking and who were fully authorized to go with patients, and their assistants, whose role it was to follow the doctors’ orders.

The American Psychological Association has defined clinical psychology as “a clinical discipline that involves providing diagnostic, evaluation, treatment plan, treatment, prevention and consultation to patients in emergency rooms, clinical units and clinics of hospitals.”

Another definition given by the Canadian Psychological Society considers it a full field of practice and research within the psychology discipline that applies psychological principles to the evaluation, prevention, improvement and recovery of mental distress, disability, dysfunctional behavior and health risk behavior, and on improving psychological and physical well-being.

Moreover, the field of clinical psychology integrates science, theory, disability, predict and alleviate maladjustment, and discomfort, as well as human adaptation, adaptation, and personal development. Therefore, it focuses on the intellectual, emotional, biological, psychological, social and behavioral aspects of rational function in different cultures and at all socio-economic levels.

Clinical psychology has different subspecies such as child and adolescent psychology, clinical adult psychology, clinical geropsychology, the clinical psychology of learning disorders, clinical psychology of drug abuse and clinical forensic psychology.

Psychologists in hospitals and other healthcare institutions can work independently or as part of a team. However, as clinical psychologists, they are mental health care and usually provide mental health services and psychiatric hospitals.

Secondly, like health or medical psychologists, they are behavioral health providers and address the behavioral dimensions of physical health and disease. They provide the necessary clinical and health services to both the patient and the patient as well as to patients who work independently and those new patients who need evaluation.

One of the core roles of psychologists in hospitals and primary health care is the clinical assessment. For example, to assess current functioning to diagnose (e.g., Confirmation or rejection of the clinical impression and differential diagnosis of abnormal behavior, such as depression, psychosis, personality disorders, dementia, etc.

Also, non-psychiatric problems, such as relationships, compliance, difference learning, educational potential, career interest, etc.); identify treatment needs, assign proper treatment and prognosis, monitor treatment over time, and determine risk management.

Professional psychologists are the only psychological and physical health professionals who have the legal right to use, manage, and interpret psychological assessments.

Therapy

A significant activity performed by psychologists in providing health care is intervention or treatment, which offers a wide variety of clinical responses for people, groups, couples, and families with physical and mental health problems. These interventions, without doubt, are aimed at preventing, correcting emotional conflicts, personality disturbances, psychopathology and the skill shortage that underlying human distress and dysfunction.

They offer a variety of psychological interventions such as cognitive behavioral therapy; behavior modification; family and couple therapy; biofeedback; rehabilitation; group psychotherapy; psychoanalysis; custom therapy; pain management; neuropsychological rehabilitation; interpersonal psychotherapy, etc.

Consultation

Many psychologists offer psychological counseling to health professionals, business people, schools, organizations, communities, etc. A psychologist can, for example, help a doctor to manage the compliance with unpleasant medical procedures better. A businessperson can consult a psychologist to reduce conflicts between employees or to provide stress management. The consultation of psychologists can include assessment, education, research, and therapy.

Administrative Privileges

As experts in human behavior, psychologists are considered to be efficient and competent administrators. Because the concept of human behavior in the social context is regarded as the backbone of management, there are therefore psychologists in administrative functions in hospitals and other residential treatment institutions. Psychology clinics serve as chairmen of departments, units or divisions in hospitals, e.g., neuropsychology, mental health, rehabilitation and occupational health.

Also, they are part of designated committees and are active in their departments. In the administration, psychologists control budgets; they lead multidisciplinary professional and support staff; They develop policies and procedures for planning and human resources. Finally, they take part and contribute to all quality management activities of hospitals and other healthcare institutions.

Education and training

A significant part of the time of many psychologists working in medical institutions is devoted to academic activities (education and training). They teach all courses in psychology, human behavior and behavioral science that are taught in the curricula of undergraduate and postdoctoral medical, dental, nursing and other associated health professionals, as well as psychology students, trainees and residents, and train health professionals.

Research and Supervision

With their education and qualifications, clinical and health psychologists are research oriented. Examples of their research activities are:

a) the development and normalization of clinical instruments for diagnostic testing and the examination of their reliability and validity;

b) Adapt and test the efficacy of both psychological and biological interventions to promote health and overcome disorders;

c) studies to reveal the cultural and cultural aspects of psychological abnormalities;

d) determining the impact of both positive and negative human behavior on physical health.

Clinical psychologists tend to work with a particular customer group, such as children or people with learning disabilities. They often work in a specific environment, for example, a hospital or through social services.

 

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