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Ovarian Cancer: Facts, Causes, Symptoms and Preventions

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The ovaries are two female reproductive glands that produce the eggs on either side of the uterus. However, ovarian cancer occurs when uncontrolled/abnormal growth in the cells in the ovaries occurs.

The term “ovarian cancer” contains various types of cancers all of which originate from ovarian cells. Usually, epithelium or lining cells, of the ovary, arise. However, these include epithelial ovary (from the cells on the ovary surface), fallopian tubes and primary peritoneal cancer. These are all considered as one disease process as well.

There is also an entity called the ovarian low malignant potential tumor. Also, these tumors have some microscopic features of cancer but tend to not spread as common cancers.


  • Early symptoms of ovarian cancer are easy to dismiss and often blurred.
  • Ovarian cancer has the highest mortality rates in women under gynecological cancer (ovary, cervical cancer, and uterus).
  • This cancer also is the fifth most common cancer in women.

Facts About The Ovarian

  • This cancer is a relatively unusual type of cancer that results from different types of cells within the ovary.
  • The most common type of this cancer is known as epithelial ovarian cancer.
  • A gynecologist oncologist specializes in ovarian cancer management.
  • Also, most ovarian cancer patients are diagnosed in advanced phases, as there are no reliable early signs and signs of ovarian cancer.
  • However, there are no reliable screening tests for ovarian cancer.
  • Treatment of ovarian cancer includes surgery to remove as much of the tumor as possible and chemotherapy.

Causes of The Cancer

The exact cause of this cancer remains unknown. Although a wide range of risk factors can increase the chance of a woman,

These risk factors may include:

  • A family history of ovarian cancer
  • Obesity
  • Genetic mutation in the BRCA1 or BRCA2
  • Increased ovulation

Symptoms of this cancer

  • An increased urge to urinate
  • Abdominal pain
  • Fatigue
  • Saturation (Feels fast full after eating)
  • Menstrual irregularities
  • Shortness of breath
  • Fatigue
  • Abdominal swelling

Prevention of Ovarian Cancer

  • Genetic screening
  • Proper breastfeeding
  • Pregnancy
  • Consume a healthy diet, with lots of fruits and vegetables.